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The effects of combustion of fossil fuels on climate, ocean chemistry, ocean heat content (enthalpy) and sea level are investigated.

It is shown that the mathematical equations that properly describe Earth's radiant energy absorption and emission are non-linear and have three semi-stable temperature solutions. These semi-stable temperature solutions were a primary cause of past periods of both glaciation and high temperature.

It is shown that products of combustion of fossil fuels have triggered a transition from a low temperature state to a high temperature state. This transition is known as thermal runaway.

Unless thermal runaway is soon halted it will cause Earth's average emission temperature, as measured by a far infrared spectrometer located in outer space, to increase by about 17.5 degrees C as compared to pre-industrial conditions. The factors controlling the rate of rise in temperature are the atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, the planetary albedo (solar reflectivity) and the heat capacities of the oceans and the polar icecaps.

Periods of high temperature occurred earlier in Earth's geologic history which caused complete melting of the polar icecaps and world wide animal species extinctions.

Today we are already witnessing both animal species extinctions and large scale human migration.

1. Personal Impact 2. Global Warming Explanation
3. Energy Metaphor 4. Glossary of Terms
5. Climate Change Introduction 6. Climate Change Quantification
7. Development of this Analysis 8. Technical Summary
9. Solar Radiation 10. Albedo
11. Radiation Physics 12. Surface Temperature of an Ideal Rotating Sphere  
13. Infrared Absorption 14. Emissivity
15. Infrared Emission 16. Global Warming
17. Temperature Data 18.
19. Earth Thermal-Chemical History 20. Carbon Dioxide Retention Time
21. Carbon Dioxide 22. Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM)
23. PETM Data Analysis 24. Thermal Runaway
25. Warm State Trapping 26. Global Extinction
27. Species Preservation 28. Remedial Action
29. Irrigation 30. Sea Level
31. Consequences 32. Conclusions
33. Carbon Tax 34. Presentation Notes
35. Letter to Minister of Environment
and Climate Change, Ontario
36. Letter to Mininster of Environment
and Climate Change, Canada
37. U of T 17-02-09 Slide Presentation 38. U of T Presentation
39. Energy Policy 40. Energy Vision
41. Conference Presentation42. Conference Short Presentation (20 minute)

This web page last updated February 17, 2019.

Home Energy Nuclear Electricity Climate Change Lighting Control Contacts Links